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The Monarchy observed in The Lion King universe serves a sole purpose in the films, as well as the books, comics, and other related merchandise.
The monarchy seen in The Lion King franchise operates as an absolute monarchy, in which the current monarch exercises supreme governing authority as both the head of state and head of government. In the franchise, the animals of the Pride Lands serve as the subjects of the alpha lion, who in turn serves as the monarch.
Succession to the crown is hereditary, and the monarchy appears to have absolute (or equal) primogeniture, meaning that no gender is preferred over the other. However, like in nature and as seen with Scar in the movie, a succession may occur due to a coup d'état.
In the current movie universe, the monarch of the Pride Lands is Simba, and his heir apparent is Kiara. Kiara will be the first known queen regnant of the Pride Lands, as opposed to a queen consort, a title currently held by Nala.
List of Known Monarchs
Monarchs are supreme rulers of the Pride Lands, often chosen through hereditary connections or usurpation.
Consorts are mates chosen by the royal-blooded monarchs to rule at their sides. In The Lion King franchise, betrothals are chosen by parents and it is a tradition going back generations. Presumably, neither the consorts nor the betrothals have a say in the matter, until the reigning king dies and the new king decides otherwise.
The heir is the lion next in line for the throne after the reigning monarch passes away, steps down from power, or retires. Contrary to belief, the child of the current monarch is not the only sole heir. Everyone from children, siblings, and even distant cousins are in line for the throne; a necessary procedure if the current monarch is unable to rule, the monarch changes their mind about the line of succession, or if the monarch doesn't produce an offspring to succeed him or her.
Stewards in The Lion King are officials who are appointed by the ruling monarch to represent him or her in areas of kingdom. They can also serve as the majordomo to the monarch and his or her family by speaking for, making arrangements, alerting, or perform the tasks asked by the monarch. Advisers are also officials to the monarch as they offer suggestments to the monarch when facing with serious issues in the kingdom.
Most advisers are appointed by the monarch as for example, Ahadi appointed Zuzu to serve as his adviser, and her descendants to advise his descendants. So, it is assumed that whoever is the current adviser will pass down their role to their descendants or relative when they retire or die, similar to the succession of powers done by monarchs.