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Gorillas

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Gorillas
Gorilla-infobox
Characteristics
Scientific Name

Gorilla gorilla gorilla (Western lowland gorilla)
Gorilla gorilla graueri (Eastern lowland gorilla)
Gorilla gorilla beringei (mountain gorilla)

Size

6 feet tall (males)
5 feet tall (females)

Weight

300 to 400 pounds (males)
150 to 250 pounds (females)

Lifespan

40 to 50 years

Habitat

Dense forest
Rain forest

Diet

Herbivorous

Predators

Leopards

Gorillas are creatures that inhabit the Pride Lands and bordering kingdoms.

Information

In the Real World

Appearance

Gorillas, in particular mountain gorillas, are the largest living primates, with massive chests, powerful arms, and broad hands and feet.[1] Their stomachs are bigger than their chests, due to enlarged intestines that digest the vegetation they consume.[2] Their arms contain more muscle than their legs, which helps them to bend and collect vegetation for protection.[2] The average gorilla is six times stronger than a human, enabling them to break and lift heavy objects.[2]

Gorillas have dark skin and thick black hair that insulates them against colder weather.[1][2] Males are nicknamed "silverbacks" due to the silver coloration that forms along their backs and upper thighs upon reaching maturity.[2] Lowland gorillas tend to have short, sparse hair, while mountains gorillas have longer, silkier hair.[2] Adult gorillas are hairless on their chests, ears, fingers, lips, noses, palms, and soles.[2]

Behavior

Mountain gorillas live in groups of 2 to 40 under the protection of a silverback, who serves as the troop's leader.[1] A silverback will protect his troop from threats such as other gorillas, humans, or leopards.[1] Sometimes, this entails the silverback sacrificing his life.[1]

Female mountain gorillas typically give birth at about 10 years old, and have offspring every four or more years.[1] Newborn gorillas weigh about four pounds and develop twice as fast as human infants.[1] They will nurse and be weaned at 3 years old, after which they will grow to be more independent.[1]

Habitat

Gorillas typically live in tropical forest habitats, which are characterized by their nonfluctuating temperatures and lengths of daylight.[3] The western lowland gorilla inhabits the tropical forests of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo, and Equatorial Guinea.[3] The eastern lowland gorilla inhabits the tropical forests of Eastern Zaire.[3] The mountain gorilla inhabits the high altitude tropical forests of Zaire, Rwanda, and Uganda.[3]

Diet

All gorillas are herbivorous, though diet is contingent on species.[4] Western lowland gorillas feast on at least 97 different plant species.[4] About 67% of their diet consists of fruit, 17% leaves, seeds, and stems, and 3% caterpillars and termites.[4] Eastern lowland gorillas consume at least 104 different plant species.[4] Mountain gorillas consume at least 142 plant species and about three types of fruit, due to the high altitude of their habitat.[4] About 86% of their diet is leaves, shoots, and stems, 7% is roots, 3% is flowers, 2% is fruit, and 2% ants, snails, and grubs.[4]

Gorillas drink rarely in the wild since the vegetation they consume is comprised of almost half water as well as morning dew.[4]

Notable Gorillas


Name Information Format Appearances Picture

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 [1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 [2]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 [3]
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 [4]

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