9 to 70 inches
3 to 2094 pounds
Up to 25 years in captivity
The anatomy of an antelope greatly resembles that of a deer. Its body is small and slender, its neck slight, and its legs long and muscular. There are several differences that set individual species of antelope apart from one another. For example, an adult common eland can measure 70 inches at the shoulder and weigh almost 2094 pounds, whereas an adult royal antelope may stand only 9 inches at the shoulder and weigh a mere 3 pounds. Similarly, antelope have a wide variety of outer coverings, though most species have thick pelts of short fur. Their teeth are exceptionally strong, used primarily for grinding cud into a more digestible substance, while their head features sometimes consist of antlers or horns, which are commonly used for self-defense.
In the Real World
The term "antelope" can refer to a number of different species, as there are 91 different kinds of antelope, most of which are native to Africa. Despite being mostly stationed in the African continent, antelope are sometimes imported to other countries for exotic game hunting, though escapes are not unheard of. Parts of Texas are able to sustain antelope, so large herds now reside there even though they are not native to that area.
Most antelope species live on the African savanna, though some are known to reside in deserts, forests, and even extreme cold-living places. Their lifespan is quite unknown, as most antelope are killed as prey before they can reach old age. The best estimate thus far is around 25 years. Although they are often killed in the wild, antelope do have a few weapons of defense that keep them out of harm's way. For one, they are very agile and have good endurance, which is very effective when running from animals that tire easily, such as cheetahs. Furthermore, their fur is colored to blend into the landscape, and their hearing is very good. All antelope have horns, though in some species, they are only found on the males. They are permanently attached, not like a deer’s, which are shed each year.
Antelope are sometimes prized among humans for their horns. In many places, an antelope horn represents a form of medicinal or magical power. Other antelope are used for domestication purposes. It is often difficult to cage an antelope, as males tend to be very aggressive, and all antelope are good jumpers, so fences don't always keep them in. There have been many attempts to domesticate an antelope, but thus far, all have failed.
In the Universe
Antelope make their first appearance at the presentation of Simba, where they pay their respects to the future heir of the Pride Lands. They make their second appearance when Mufasa is explaining to his son that antelope are just as much a part of the Circle of Life as lions are. Along with other African animals, they sing "I Just Can't Wait to be King," and are mentioned by Simba when he asks Timon and Pumbaa what kind of prey resides in the jungle. Antelope are last seen at Pride Rock for the presentation of Simba's cub.
Antelope come to the presentation of Kiara at the beginning of the film. They are seen again in "We Are One" when Simba and his daughter race across the Pride Lands, and make a brief appearance during Kiara's first hunt. Along with their fellow animals, they sing "One of Us," during which they help to drive Kovu out of the Pride Lands, and appear again during "Love Will Find a Way." At the end of the film, they journey back to Pride Rock to celebrate the union of the Outsiders and the Pridelanders.
Antelope are briefly seen when Timon and Pumbaa watch the first film. They are later seen at Simba's presentation as the sequence from the first film carries out, and appear during "I Just Can't Wait to be King."
A herd of gazelles is spun into a stampede when Janja and his clan attempt to pick them all off. Just in time, the Lion Guard arrives and chases off the hyenas. However, the herd keeps running, endangering Kiara, and Bunga jumps in to save her.
A beautiful gazelle named Lara is the object of a wildebeest's affections in this episode. Throughout the course of the episode, she and the other gazelles in her herd appear, including a strapping male gazelle named Mel. Despite being wooed by her own kind, Lara vouches to be in favor of love, choosing Herman over the pressures of her gazelle friends.
At the beginning of the episode, a herd of oryx are being chased by Janja and his cronies, Cheezi and Chungu. Just in time, the Lion Guard races to the rescue, and Kion chases the hyenas off while the other members calm the herd.
In "The Rise of Makuu"
A herd of gazelles can be seen at the mashindano between Makuu and Pua. After Makuu's victory, he and his float invade Big Springs, pushing the antelope out of their territory and into that of the giraffes.
In "Bunga the Wise"
During a severe series of storms, the Pride Lands flood, and Kion expresses concern for a herd of grazing oryx. Not long after this, Bunga begins doling out bad advice, and a herd of bushbucks attempts to take his advice by eating poisonous flowers. Just in time, the Lion Guard stops them. They later save an oryx from falling off a cliff, which proves to have been another bad idea from Bunga.
Various kinds of antelope can be seen at the Kupatana celebration.
In "Fuli's New Family"
Several times, Fuli attempts to hunt a gazelle, but she is continually interrupted by her friends. At one point, she and Kiara sneak up on a gazelle, but Nala calls for a halt, and Fuli falls to the ground.
In "The Search for Utamu"
A bird frantically flies up to Fuli, begging her to break up an oryx fight that is too close to their nests. Fuli does as she's asked, and the oryx run away in a panic.
When a terrible drought plagues the Pride Lands, the animals come before Ahadi for help. Among the various complaints, the antelope gripe that there are hardly any leaves left, thanks to the giraffes. They are supported in their claim by the zebras.
At the beginning of the story, Kopa, the prince of the Pride Lands, is going to a water hole to watch his father break up a fight between the antelope and a hippopotamus named Kiboko. Simba asks for a representative among the antelope, and Nzee steps forward, explaining that Kiboko has taken the water hole from her herd. Kiboko retorts by spraying them with water, and Nzee angrily tells Simba that Kiboko is big, dirty, and smelly. When asked why he no longer lives in his swamp, Kiboko gargles loudly, and Nzee nearly attacks him in her mad rage. At the same moment, Kopa runs up to his father, but the antelope pressure Simba until he sends his son away. The herd later assists Simba in rescuing Kopa from the claws of bloodthirsty vultures, presumably guilty over their involvement in the cub's abduction.
While in a bad mood, Kopa takes to watching a herd of springbok bounce across the plains.
Nzee, an antelope, and her daughter, Nzuri, show up at a water hole one day to talk with Muwa, Pembe, and their children about the nosiness of the king's majordomo, Zazu. The adults go to discuss the matter further, but the young animals think it a fun idea to spread false rumors around the Pride Lands to get Zazu in trouble. Nzee is later seen during an army ant attack, during which she pushes rocks off Zulu Falls so the river floods and drowns the ants.
Because of a terrible drought that shakes the savanna, gazelles and other grazers vacate the grasslands in search of food elsewhere.
During a fire, antelope are seen fleeing the flames alongside other Pridelanders.
In an attempt to keep hydrated during a drought, antelope gather on the shore of a feeble water source.
Simba sees several animals fleeing from Giganta, among them a herd of gazelles.
|Lara||Lara is a beautiful gazelle. She falls in love with a wildebeest named Herman.||Television||"Beauty and the Wildebeest"|
|Mel||Mel is a member of Lara's herd. Despite Herman's advances on Lara, Mel tries to woo her himself.||Television||"Beauty and the Wildebeest"|
|Machufa||Machufa is a member of Nzee's herd. He and his herd have a brief tangle with a hippopotamus named Kiboko.||Book||Vulture Shock|
|Nzee||Nzee is the presumed leader of her herd. She and her herd have a brief tangle with a hippopotamus named Kiboko, though Nzee later puts aside their differences in order to help find Simba's son, Kopa.||Book||Vulture Shock|
How True, Zazu?
|Nzuri||Nzuri is the daughter of Nzee. Along with her friends, she feeds Zazu false stories in order to get him in trouble with Mufasa.||Book||How True, Zazu?|
- The plural form of antelope can be either "antelope" or "antelopes."
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